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A quick and simple introduction to pathology

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This course has 62 flashcards which teach you 0 words.
Study of changes in body structure and function as a result of diseaseIncludes: cause, nature and course of disease
Pathology
Unhealthy state caused by the effects of injury
Disease
What causes abnormal function, structural changes and a loss of homeostasis?
Disease
Arises rapidly, accompanied by distinctive symptoms and lasts for a short time
Acute disease
Begins slowly with signs and symptoms that are DIFFICULT TO INTERPRET, persists for a LONG TIME, and cannot prevented by vaccines
Chronic disease
What type of disease is otitis media?
Acute disease
Cause of disease
Etiology
Of unknown causes
Idiopathic
Disease caused by medical diagnosis or treatment
Iatrogenic
Sequence of events leading from causes to manifestations of the disease
Pathogenesis
Mechanisms by which the abnormal function is expressed
Pathophysiology
Manifestation of disease seen by an observer
Sign
Manifestation of disease reported by patient
Symptom
Collection of signs and symptoms
Syndrome
Structural change in tissue or organ (change in morphology) - localized change representing a wound/injury
Lesion
Short-term or long-term disability due to disease
Morbidity
Outcome of a disease is death
Mortality
Frequency of a disease overt a period of time in a given population
Incidence
Incidence is also known as
Rate
Equation for incidence
Number of new cases per year/ number of persons in population
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